Venera 13, a Soviet spacecraft, was the first lander to transmit color images from the surface of Venus. The spacecraft was designed to last about half an hour on Venus’ harsh surface, but it ended up transmitting data for more than 2 hours after its landing on March 1, 1982.
Also asked, did we ever land Venus?
On December 15, 1970 an unmanned Soviet spacecraft, Venera 7, became the first spacecraft to land on another planet. It measured the temperature of the atmosphere on Venus. In 1972, Venera 8 gathered atmospheric and surface data for 50 minutes after landing.
Beside above, what was the purpose of Venera 7? Venera 7 was one of two identical spacecraft launched to Venus during the August 1970 opportunity. The other mission (Cosmos 359) failed to leave Earth orbit. The objectives of the missions were to return data from the Venus atmosphere, make a landing on the surface, and continue to return data after landing.
Regarding this, why did the Venera series of spacecraft survive for only a few minutes on Venus surface?
it is covered with clouds that efficiently reflect the high amount of sunlight it receives. Earth-based telescopes can see a number of features on Mars, which have been variously identified over the years.
What did Venera 9 discover?
Venera 9 was the first of a new generation of Soviet space probes (4V) designed to explore Venus, and designed on the basis of the M-71 and M-73 Mars platforms. Launched by the more powerful Proton-K launch boosters, the new spacecraft were nearly five times heavier than their predecessors.